Tax system – Im Just Sayin http://imjustsayin.net/ Thu, 29 Sep 2022 18:36:05 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://imjustsayin.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/icon-5-120x120.png Tax system – Im Just Sayin http://imjustsayin.net/ 32 32 Gurugram civic body overhauls its property tax system https://imjustsayin.net/gurugram-civic-body-overhauls-its-property-tax-system/ Thu, 29 Sep 2022 18:36:05 +0000 https://imjustsayin.net/gurugram-civic-body-overhauls-its-property-tax-system/ In an effort to minimize human intervention, expedite complaint handling and narrow discrepancies, the Municipal Corporation of Gurugram (MCG) overhauled its electronic property tax system over the past week, officials said Thursday. current of the case. The MCG has removed most of its citizen services – such as creating property identifiers, resolving grievances and paying […]]]>

In an effort to minimize human intervention, expedite complaint handling and narrow discrepancies, the Municipal Corporation of Gurugram (MCG) overhauled its electronic property tax system over the past week, officials said Thursday. current of the case.

The MCG has removed most of its citizen services – such as creating property identifiers, resolving grievances and paying property tax – from the online property tax system on its website www.mcg .gov.in. Residents can now raise all such matters only through the Government of Haryana’s No Dues Certificate (NDC) portal, ulbhryndc.org.

In a review meeting on September 9, MCG Commissioner Mukesh Kumar Ahuja ordered property tax wing officials to overhaul the system by September 20 and also form a cell Separate NDC for creating property identifiers, handling complaints, and other citizen services.

Accordingly, the MCG formed the cell on Wednesday, comprising five officials from the property tax wing, one official from its planning branch and the water supply and sanitation (WSS) branches. The NDC cell is located on the first floor of the main MCG building. office in Sector 34, officials said.

Officials said the overhaul began in phases starting last Monday.

“The rationale for this decision is to minimize human intervention and to ensure that the entire process is automated through a central system. Under the old system, residents had to regularly visit the tax office at MCG headquarters to resolve their issues, which could sometimes take more than a month, as the process was largely handled manually. Therefore, a decision was made to completely overhaul the online system,” said a senior MCG official in its tax wing, asking not to be named.

All property tax services except property tax bills were removed from the MCG website earlier this week, officials said.

Property tax has become a contentious issue for the CWM in recent times. Last year, the MCG carried out a survey and found that 503,000 properties were present within its boundaries. Prior to the survey, the MCG had only about 370,000 properties on file.

Based on the updated records, new tax invoices were generated earlier this year. A large number of residents then complained that they had received incorrect property tax bills. In June, at a house meeting, MCG councilors alleged that nearly 70% of the city’s new property tax bills were incorrect.

During the home meeting, Ahuja also acknowledged the problem and attributed the incorrect generation of tax bills to the surveyor performing a drone survey instead of a door-to-door survey.

“Due to the incorrect generation of bills, a large number of residents have regularly visited the MCG offices over the past six months to resolve their issues. Since most of these resolutions have to be changed and updated manually, the process has become tedious and also led to more complaints – this time officials from the tax wing demanded bribes for a quick fix. Complaints.

Following such allegations and instructions from Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) to synchronize the property tax system with the state government portal, senior MCG officials decided to completely overhaul the system,” the official said. Cited above.

“Digitizing the property tax system was the need of the hour. There are thousands of residents who received incorrect property tax bills from the MCG this year and getting them corrected has been a headache for residents as they have to visit the MCG office repeatedly. The civic body could also consider outsourcing the property tax system for better management and efficiency,” said Dhruv Bansal, spokesperson for the Citizens Council of Gurgaon, an umbrella body for the welfare associations of residents of the city.


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Harmonizing Nigeria’s tax system will optimize revenue, says FIRS boss – The Whistler Newspaper https://imjustsayin.net/harmonizing-nigerias-tax-system-will-optimize-revenue-says-firs-boss-the-whistler-newspaper/ Mon, 26 Sep 2022 13:50:36 +0000 https://imjustsayin.net/harmonizing-nigerias-tax-system-will-optimize-revenue-says-firs-boss-the-whistler-newspaper/ #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear: left; font: 14px Helvetica, Arial, sans serif; width:90%;} /* Add your own Mailchimp form style overrides to your site’s style sheet or this style block. We recommend that you move this block and the preceding CSS link to the HEAD of your HTML file. */ (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new […]]]>

Federal Inland Revenue Service Executive Chairman Muhammad Nami has joined those advocating a harmonized tax system as a remedy for tax leakage.

This was the position held by the FIRS boss during his opening remarks at the launch of the Public Finance Database by the Nigeria Governors Forum at the Wells Carlton Hotel, Abuja.

The FIRS boss also called on the government to make a bold paradigm shift by harmonizing the country’s tax system to optimize tax revenue collection.

Nigeria operates a decentralized tax system where each level of government is independently responsible for tax administration within its jurisdiction.

Nigeria generates revenue to finance public expenditure through a pool of taxes from each level of government.

But Nami, according to an FIRS statement, said Nigeria needed a transition to a unified tax administration as practiced globally by most efficient and effective tax jurisdictions that have achieved optimal revenue collection. tax.

He argued that if Nigeria were to be less dependent on external borrowing and cushion the volatility and decline in oil revenues, there should be a paradigm shift.

Beyond politics and sentiment, Nami said the country should be ready to make these bold and tough but beneficial tax reforms, noting that there is no better time than now to implement them in order to avoid the looming debt crisis.

He said: “Recently there have been calls for a holistic review of our tax system. Its proponents, myself included, argue that if Nigeria is to realize its tax revenue potential as a hub of economic development, a harmonization of our tax system must be undertaken.

“Tax Harmonization for Better Revenue Generation, which was the theme of the 2nd National Tax Dialogue, was carefully chosen to reiterate the need for us as a nation to rethink the current tax system.

“There was a consensus during the dialogue that Nigeria needed a transition to a unified tax administration as practiced globally by most efficient and effective tax jurisdictions that have achieved optimum revenue collection. tax revenues.

“Certainly, it is undeniable that if Nigeria is to be less dependent on external borrowing and protect itself from volatility and declining oil revenues, there should be a paradigm shift.

“Beyond politics and sentiment, the country should be ready to make these bold and tough but beneficial tax reforms and there is no better time than now, if we are to avoid the debt crisis that is coming. profile The gains of a harmonized tax system far outweigh the fears expressed in some circles, if analyzed dispassionately.

He added that when governments deploy tax revenue for the common good of citizens, there is a concomitant increase in tax compliance by citizens who see direct benefit from the taxes they pay.

Nami argued that the low compliance tax rate in most developing countries was the result of the failure of the social contract between taxpayers and government.

He noted that the country’s political leaders have a duty to promote a culture of paying taxes by linking the projects and infrastructural developments carried out by them to the taxes paid by the taxpayers.

He said: ‘Taxpayers need to see what has been done with their money to be encouraged to keep paying their obligations under the social contract they have with the government.

“I’m glad that one of the sessions is focusing on service tax programs because they have an impact on tax revenue. This issue is close to our hearts as tax administrators, because there is a link between the efficient use of tax revenues and tax compliance.

“The low level of tax compliance in developing countries can be attributed to the failure of the social contract between taxpayers and government. It is expected that if citizens pledge to pay taxes, the government pledges to use taxes for the common good of all citizens.

The FIRS boss further argued that projects funded by the taxpayers’ fund should be flagged as such and not personalized so that citizens start associating these projects with their tax proceeds.

“Political leaders should promote the culture of paying taxes by associating the projects and infrastructural developments carried out by them with taxation.

“Government at all levels does a lot with taxpayers’ money, but citizens don’t easily appreciate these facts because of the way projects are reported.

“There is a need to downplay and depersonalize projects so that citizens begin to tie all laudable projects going on in states to tax revenue. This singular act will greatly increase tax morality and improve compliance.

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Kwasi Kwarteng tears up UK tax system in £60bn tax event https://imjustsayin.net/kwasi-kwarteng-tears-up-uk-tax-system-in-60bn-tax-event/ Fri, 23 Sep 2022 11:59:17 +0000 https://imjustsayin.net/kwasi-kwarteng-tears-up-uk-tax-system-in-60bn-tax-event/ Kwasi Kwarteng has outlined his plans to overhaul the economy (Parliament TV) 6 minute readSeptember 23 Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng has announced a series of sweeping tax cuts as he battles to revive the UK’s flagging economy. Kwarteng used the much-anticipated fiscal event to lay out a new plan for the economy, with the promise of […]]]>

Kwasi Kwarteng has outlined his plans to overhaul the economy (Parliament TV)

John Johnson

6 minute read

Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng has announced a series of sweeping tax cuts as he battles to revive the UK’s flagging economy.

Kwarteng used the much-anticipated fiscal event to lay out a new plan for the economy, with the promise of raising the trend rate to 2.5%, but warned that “none of this will happen overnight. “.

The Chancellor’s major intervention in the economy included a series of sweeping tax reforms, including the reduction of the top rate of income tax and the reduction of stamp duty rates, as well as the reversal of the increase planned national insurance contribution.

The tax cuts are expected to cost £45bn, plus Kwarteng confirmed the previously uncosted energy package will cost around £60bn.

He also confirmed reports that the cap on bankers’ bonuses would be removed, insisting the measure had hurt the financial services sector and diverted spending from London to other major financial capitals, including Paris and New York. .

“A strong UK economy has always depended on a strong financial services sector. We need global banks to create jobs here, invest here and pay taxes here in London, not in Paris, not in Frankfurt and not in New York,” he said.

“All the bonus cap has done is raise bankers’ base salaries or stimulate business outside of Europe. It never capped total compensation.”

In a major change to benefit rules, Kwarteng announced plans to cut people’s benefits if they “do not fulfill their work commitments”, as he said there were more vacancies than unemployed.

“With more vacancies than unemployed to fill them, we need to encourage more people to join the labor market. We will make work pay by reducing people’s benefits if they do not fulfill their job search commitments” , did he declare.

“We will provide additional support for unemployed workers over the age of 50 and will ask around 120,000 additional people on Universal Credit to take active action to seek more and better paid work or face a reduction in their benefits.”

Addressing MPs, Kwarteng said the change was the first step in boosting the growth of the UK economy.

“Growth is not as high as it should be, which has made it harder to pay for public services, requiring higher taxes,” he said.

“We need a new approach for a new era, focused on growth…Our plan is to expand the supply side of the economy through tax incentives and reforms. This is how we will provide higher wages, greater opportunities and crucially fund public services now and in the future.”

The Chancellor also pushed ahead with pre-informed plans to reverse the proposed rise in corporation tax to 25% from next year, meaning it will remain at its current rate of 19%, saying that the change “would bring in nearly £19billion a year. reintegrate into the economy.

In another major announcement, Kwarteng revealed a significant reduction in stamp duty, saying the current rate at which people are exempt from tax would double to £250,000, while first-time buyers would see their threshold increased to £425,000 £.

In a significant change to personal taxes, Kwarteng announced he was scrapping the top tax rate of 45 per cent for those earning over £150,000 from 2023, as he claimed the higher rate hurt the competitiveness of Great Britain.

“At 45%, that’s currently higher than the highest rate in G7 countries like the US and Italy. And it’s even higher than social democracies like Norway. But I’m not going to not reduce the additional tax rate today, I will abolish it completely.

He added: “From April 2023 we will have a single higher income tax rate of 40%. This will simplify the tax system and make Britain more competitive. This will reward enterprise and hard work. This will stimulate growth. the whole economy and the whole country.”

Responding to the announcements, Shadow Chancellor Rachel Reeves said workers would be made to “pay the bill” and accused the government of a “vicious circle of stagnation”.

“The Chancellor has confirmed that the costs of the energy price cap will be financed by borrowing, leaving the windfall profits of the energy giants untaxed,” she said.

“Oil and gas producers will be toasting the Chancellor in conference rooms as we speak, while workers have to foot the bill. Borrowing more than is needed, just as interest rates rise. “

She took aim at the government’s refusal to release independent economic forecasts alongside fiscal changes, saying the plans were an “admission of economic failure”.

“It’s a budget without numbers, a menu without prices… What does the Chancellor have to hide? This statement is an admission of 12 years of economic failure. They say these ministers will be different.”

Prime Minister Liz Truss promised sweeping tax cuts throughout her leadership speech, saying reducing the tax burden on households could help them weather the worst of the cost of living crisis.

Kwarteng also announced that it has entered into discussions with 38 combined local and municipal authorities across England to launch new investment zones which will offer time-limited tax cuts to businesses in a bid to boost the growth.

The new areas, which will include the West Midlands, Hull and the Tees Valley, will offer relaxed planning rules to help speed up home building and infrastructure projects, where the government has claimed the UK is lagging behind compared to its international competitors.

Ahead of Kwarteng’s statement, the government confirmed that the 1.25% increase in National Insurance will be reversed from November 6, with the planned introduction of the Health and Social Care Levy in April 2023 being also removed.

The Treasury has estimated that the change will save 28 million taxpayers around £330 next year, while around 920,000 businesses will save around £10,000 on average due to the inversion.

But ministers have insisted that the £13billion of extra funding he would have raised for the health service will be replaced by general taxation.

The statement follows a decision by the Bank of England to raise interest rates to 2.25% in response to soaring inflation rates which are expected to reach 11% – their highest level in 40 years.

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Act now to make the tax system work efficiently, says Chartered Institute of Taxation https://imjustsayin.net/act-now-to-make-the-tax-system-work-efficiently-says-chartered-institute-of-taxation/ Thu, 22 Sep 2022 10:00:25 +0000 https://imjustsayin.net/act-now-to-make-the-tax-system-work-efficiently-says-chartered-institute-of-taxation/ The Chartered Institute of Taxation (CIOT) has written to the new Chancellor and Minister for Taxes warning that the UK tax system is threatened by underinvestment, inefficiency and over-complication. CIOT President Susan Ball has identified three areas where CIOT believes action is needed to prevent the tax system from becoming “less efficient, more difficult to […]]]>

The Chartered Institute of Taxation (CIOT) has written to the new Chancellor and Minister for Taxes warning that the UK tax system is threatened by underinvestment, inefficiency and over-complication. CIOT President Susan Ball has identified three areas where CIOT believes action is needed to prevent the tax system from becoming “less efficient, more difficult to comply with and less effective both in generating revenue and support taxpayers”.

They are:
1. To prioritize investment in HMRC to maintain resources and capacity, improve service levels and increase the effectiveness and efficiency of tax administration.
2. Revision the timing of implementation of Making Tax Digital to meet “unrealistic” expectations that taxpayers are ready to comply with the transition to digital recordkeeping.
3. Being more ambitious in its efforts to simplify the tax system, making it easier for HMRC to administer the tax system and meet taxpayers’ obligations.

Susan Ball, above, writes: “”A properly funded and effective HMRC is vital to the future of the UK, ensuring that tax revenue is collected efficiently while ensuring that the UK Revenue Authority supports businesses in their efforts to improve growth, productivity and trade. . However, currently HMRC’s performance standards are grossly inadequate and need to be improved if HMRC is to play its vital role of supporting taxpayers and businesses.

“The Government should commit to maintaining HMRC’s existing resources and capabilities, coupled with a more ambitious mandate to improve core performance standards across the full range of HMRC’s business, including answering telephone queries, handling prompt correspondence, investigative and compliance activities and the timely processing of new tax registrations and agent authorizations, and to ensure that these improvements are maintained for the life of this Parliament.

“The investment needed to support these improvements is urgent and essential, not just for taxpayers but for the sustainability of future government revenues, so it should not be jeopardized by further cuts or broader constraints on government spending.”

On the digitalisation of taxation, she says: “Digitalisation offers the best way to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the tax system, improve the performance of HMRC and enable it to provide better support to taxpayers who are trying to do the right thing. “However, there are serious concerns that the announced timetable for achieving this may become unrealistic.

“The government should undertake a rapid review of the current BAT program and its implementation schedule in light of lessons learned since its announcement in 2015 and the current digital landscape. It is more important to get it right than to stick to previously announced deadlines.

Tax simplification

“The UK tax system has become far too complicated for taxpayers to understand and comply with. A complicated tax system is much harder to digitize and makes it harder for HMRC to administer it effectively.

“In 2010, the government created the Office of Tax Simplification (OTS) to renew the orientation of tax simplification. The OTS is doing a good job, but its most ambitious suggestions have been ignored, and new laws are adding complexity to the system anyway faster than the OTS can suggest removing it.

“The new administration should undertake a more ambitious tax simplification program and resist the temptation to make major structural changes to the tax system until this is done.”

In the letter, Susan Ball outlines CIOT’s willingness to work with the new government, HMRC and other professional bodies to bring about improvements to the UK tax system, initially focusing on the three priority areas identified in the letter. She added that CIOT would welcome the opportunity to meet with Ministers to discuss the issues raised.

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Richard Murphy says a strong tax system is key to the success of Scotland’s currency https://imjustsayin.net/richard-murphy-says-a-strong-tax-system-is-key-to-the-success-of-scotlands-currency/ Tue, 20 Sep 2022 13:15:09 +0000 https://imjustsayin.net/richard-murphy-says-a-strong-tax-system-is-key-to-the-success-of-scotlands-currency/ An economic justice campaigner has said Scotland needs to have a clearer and more efficient tax system than the UK if it is to adopt its own currency after independence. On the latest IndyLive podcast, Professor Richard Murphy, who campaigns against tax avoidance and evasion, said that while there was “no question” that an independent […]]]>

An economic justice campaigner has said Scotland needs to have a clearer and more efficient tax system than the UK if it is to adopt its own currency after independence.

On the latest IndyLive podcast, Professor Richard Murphy, who campaigns against tax avoidance and evasion, said that while there was “no question” that an independent Scotland would need to have its own currency, it must adopt a different policy approach to taxation than the current ‘light touch’ British government.

He insisted that a strong tax system would ensure that the country could deliver real social justice and reduce inequality.

“While there is no doubt in my mind that an independent Scotland must have its own currency, and must have it as soon as possible after independence, we must also address in this critical period between the announcement of independence and independence day how the Scottish tax system will work,” Murphy said.

“We can use the tax for the social benefit of a country that really wants to ensure social justice.

“I sincerely believe that is one of the main reasons Scots want to be independent is to get rid of the awful neoliberal mess they’ve had to live in for so long and if that’s , then my argument is that we need a strong and effective tax system in an independent Scotland not only to support the value of the currency – because that is what it will do – but also to implement the social and economic policies that will lay the foundations for true prosperity across Scotland in the future.

READ MORE: FACT CHECK: Independent Scotland is doomed for a monetary ‘fiasco’

Murphy – who has been a major critic of Government Expenditure and Revenue Scotland (GERS) figures over the years – claimed Westminster had underfunded HM Revenue and Customs since its creation following a merger between Inland Revenue and HM Customs and Excise in 2005.

The department now has just over 60,000 employees, down from 100,000 17 years ago when it was founded, he said.

He highlighted how he received a response last month to a letter he sent to HMRC more than three years ago, citing it as a sign of “how bad the service is”.

Murphy insisted that an independent Scotland must have a functioning revenue authority to ensure people pay their way, know where they stand and ensure that social and economic policies designed to improve society can be implemented. work.

Richard Murphy thinks Scotland, having a strong tax system, would lead to a fairer society

He added: “In the UK we have lived for a long time with governments that have been willing to step back, play a light touch on regulation and underfund HM Revenue and Customs.

‘I was there in 2005/06 when it was formed as a result of the merger between Inland Revenue and HM Customs and Excise, and there was a reason it was set up and that was to cut costs. There were 100,000 employees in 2006, now it’s around 60,000.

“I got a response to a letter the other day, it took three and a half years. That’s how bad the service is now.

READ MORE: SNP must abandon disastrous monetary policy after Scottish independence

“We need a functioning tax authority in Scotland to give people certainty about their situation, to ensure that everyone pays the right amount of tax and to ensure that social and economic policies therefore that a country’s tax system is able to provide. It has to work well to do that.

Murphy – who spoke at the Scottish Sovereignty Research Group conference in Dunfermline last month – also explained how an effective tax system would secure the value of the Scottish pound.

He added: “One of the biggest questions I get asked is just how do we make sure Scottish currency is used? Why will people use it?

“People will have to use Scottish currency – if the Scottish government decides to have its own currency – for one simple reason and that is that the Scottish government will say you have to pay your tax using the Scottish pound, and because you have to pay tax bill in Scottish pounds, two things follow.

READ MORE: Question of independent Scottish currency answered in 40 seconds

“First of all, no company will take the risk of trading in another currency because the risk of trading in one currency and paying the tax bill in another will be too great, and the same is true with regard to people.

“So the reality is the main reason we need a functioning Scottish tax system is to force the use of Scottish currency in day-to-day operations and at the same time that tax system needs to be very clear and effective, much more i would suggest the UK system is currently only collecting around 90p in the pound of all that is due.

“What we need in an independent Scotland is strong macroeconomic control of Scotland’s economy because if it [the Government] was actually to say we want to make sure everybody pays their fair tax rate because we want a positive redistributive tax system that reduces inequality so he has to make sure everybody pays and that requires that Scotland has a very different political and economic approach to taxation.”

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A fragmented tax system responsible for Nigeria’s low tax revenue – Nami https://imjustsayin.net/a-fragmented-tax-system-responsible-for-nigerias-low-tax-revenue-nami/ Wed, 14 Sep 2022 20:55:58 +0000 https://imjustsayin.net/a-fragmented-tax-system-responsible-for-nigerias-low-tax-revenue-nami/ Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) Executive Chairman Muhammed Nami said Nigeria’s fragmented tax system and agencies were responsible for the country’s tax revenue losses. In a statement made available to reporters on Wednesday morning, the Special Assistant (Media and Communications) to the Executive Chairman of FIRS, Johannes Oluwatobi Wojuola, quoted Nami during the Senate public […]]]>

Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) Executive Chairman Muhammed Nami said Nigeria’s fragmented tax system and agencies were responsible for the country’s tax revenue losses.

In a statement made available to reporters on Wednesday morning, the Special Assistant (Media and Communications) to the Executive Chairman of FIRS, Johannes Oluwatobi Wojuola, quoted Nami during the Senate public and stakeholder hearing on the framework of Medium Term Expenditure 2023 (MTEF) and Fiscal Paper Tuesday in Abuja.

Nami said, “In Nigeria, we have 774 local governments, each of them has revenue authority; each of the 36 states also has tax authorities with their respective mandates; then we have the FIRS and customs. What I would advise for efficiency and to do things according to global best practices is that we should change our tax laws to harmonize the tax agencies and the tax system.

“With this, when the FIRS, for example, visits ‘Company A’, it can provide a valuation to the company, as well as the person who owns the company; he can also ask the company to account for the VAT it has collected, and request the PAYE it has deducted from its employees as well as the Personal Income Tax of the Promoters of the Company.

“This is currently not the case, and as such has created a huge void in our tax system.”

For his part, Senate Finance Committee Chairman, Senator Solomon Adeola, urged the federal government to explore new strategies that would bolster federation revenue, including restructuring the remittance formula for government-owned enterprises (GOE ).

According to the Committee, the federal government should consider a situation where the GOEs remit 100% of their revenues to the government, while being funded by a fixed percentage of the cost of collection, as is the case with the FIRS and customs.

The Committee disagreed with the current situation where some government agencies were withholding one hundred percent of their revenues, spending them and paying out the government’s operating surplus.

The Committee recommended that these GOEs retain only 5-15% of their cost of collection from the revenue generated to cover their salaries, operating expenses and capital expenditures, as Nigeria Customs and FIRS currently do, while remitting the difference of 85%. at 95% of their gross income, unlike the current practice of operating surplus where they spend between 70 and 90% of their gross income. The Committee further urged the federal government to apply the same logic to the operation of public universities by funding only research and infrastructure needs through the school tax already administered by FIRS, while allowing vice- chancellors to use the school’s income. fees and other innovative sources of revenue to run universities.

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Washington State Tax System Worsens Income Inequality https://imjustsayin.net/washington-state-tax-system-worsens-income-inequality/ Wed, 14 Sep 2022 12:02:55 +0000 https://imjustsayin.net/washington-state-tax-system-worsens-income-inequality/ How did we come here? Some of the most regressive state tax policies today emerged during the post-Civil War Reconstruction era, when Southern state governments had to begin building schools and providing other government-funded services to former slaves. Tax rates nearly doubled in the South between 1860 and 1870. According to a 2019 study Document […]]]>

How did we come here?

Some of the most regressive state tax policies today emerged during the post-Civil War Reconstruction era, when Southern state governments had to begin building schools and providing other government-funded services to former slaves.

Tax rates nearly doubled in the South between 1860 and 1870. According to a 2019 study Document from the National Bureau of Economic Research, white Southerners have violently resisted changes to the tax code that could redistribute the wealth built from slavery, organizing to intimidate black politicians. Greater tax revenue in regions “was strongly correlated with an increased likelihood of violent attack on black policymakers,” economics researcher Trevon D. Logan found.

Ultimately, this led to the adoption of pro-white tax policies. In 1890, Mississippi adopted a new constitution with a provision requiring three-fifths majority votes to pass most tax increases, ensuring that white lawmakers could block such changes even if they were in the minority. In 1901, Alabama passed a new constitution with caps on property taxes, which limited the amount of money white homeowners would have to contribute to fund black public schools.

A delegate from Mississippi, Marye Dabney, written a few years later that the main purpose of the 1890 constitution was “to remove effectively from the political sphere of the state the ignorant and unpatriotic negro”.

The state’s tax code cannot be divorced from “racist, sexist, classist” laws and practices that prevent large groups of people from building wealth, said Andy Nicholas, senior fellow at the Washington State Budget and Policy Center.

When Washington State was still a territory in 1864, the government levied a tax on Chinese adults to deter migrant workers from settling in the area. This was repealed five years later.

In the early 1930s, a coalition of urban workers and rural farmers in the state helped push through a ballot initiative reduce property taxes and create a personal income tax with rates increasing on the income scale. The Washington Supreme Court rejected it in 1933, saying it violated the state constitution.

“It definitely took away a tool that might have been there, and it forced lawmakers to rely on consumption taxes,” Nicholas said. The state tax system has not changed much since then.

At the other end of the continuum is Oregon, which has an income tax whose rates increase as incomes rise and is one of five states with no sales tax.

Whenever he lectures on tax policy, Juan Carlos Ordóñez of the Oregon Center for Public Policy cites his neighboring state as an example of what not to do.

The “situation in Washington is diametrically opposite and much worse for low-income people,” he said.

Still, Ordóñez said, Oregon’s tax structure is considered only “mildly progressive.”

Oregon has a tax refund known as “the kicker”, approved by voters in 1980 to return money to taxpayers when revenues exceed forecasts by at least 2%. This year, the wealthiest 1% of residents received a rebate of $17,000. The bottom 20% of Oregonians earned an average of $30.

An anti-tax movement led to revisions to the state system in the 1990s, capping property taxes and making it harder to pass bills to raise revenue.

The wave of state tax provisions that largely benefit people with more means – disproportionately white people – were part of a nationwide trend that accelerated from the 1970s.

“After the victories of the civil rights movement, there is this backlash in the public sector that is driven, certainly in part, by racism,” Ordóñez said. “We are somehow forced to suffer the consequences of these decisions and the misguided policy that views public investment in a very detrimental way.”

Electoral measures and legislative action are not the only explanations for regressive systems. The courts also play a role.

In Pennsylvania, judges have always interpreted the 1870s uniformity clause in the state constitution – that “all taxes should be uniform, on the same class of subjects” – in a narrow way that allows the wealthiest people to save money at the expense of low ratepayers revenue.

The clause was a reaction to the legislative patronage of railroads and big business in the 19th century. But this ultimately prevented the state from creating a progressive income tax like the federal government. Instead, Pennsylvania has a flat rate, said Frances Beckley, a professor at the Center for Tax Law and Public Policy at Temple University Beasley School of Law. It also taxes commercial real estate at the same level as residential real estate.

Forty-eight states have uniformity clauses in their constitutions regarding state and local taxes, according to The Pew Charitable Trusts. Few are bound by court decisions like Pennsylvania’s.

“These legal interpretations that don’t necessarily flow from the language of the constitution, but are now very well established in Pennsylvania law, put real limits on anything progressive in terms of taxes,” Beckley said.

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Just Sayin’: It’s time to fix the broken property tax system https://imjustsayin.net/just-sayin-its-time-to-fix-the-broken-property-tax-system/ Sat, 10 Sep 2022 09:00:06 +0000 https://imjustsayin.net/just-sayin-its-time-to-fix-the-broken-property-tax-system/ It’s time to fix the broken property tax system It’s the time of year when my mailbox starts to fill up with Nassau County tax claim companies offering to reduce my property taxes for a “modest” amount of 50% of any reduction they can. get for me. Is this a way to manage a modern […]]]>

It’s time to fix the broken property tax system

It’s the time of year when my mailbox starts to fill up with Nassau County tax claim companies offering to reduce my property taxes for a “modest” amount of 50% of any reduction they can. get for me. Is this a way to manage a modern government tax collection system? The obvious answer is “no way”.

Nassau County Executive Bruce Blakeman and the Republican-majority Nassau County Legislature ran campaigns in 2021 promising a quick fix for our flawed property assessment system. We are now in the ninth month of the Blakeman administration, and there is no word on plans to fix the system. My question is “why?” There was a lot of talk and no action, in the opinion of this aggrieved taxpayer.

—James Sheridan, Wantagh

Following traffic signs can have benefits

I also see drivers ignoring stop signs – probably because many drivers are in such a rush these days [“There’s no stopping LI’s bad drivers,” Just Sayin’, Aug. 27].

Many drivers also seem to have forgotten how to turn left at intersections that have traffic lights. They wait behind the white line and only proceed when everything is clear to make the turn. It’s probably because they’re worried about getting a red light ticket. This fear causes them to get stuck at red lights which they could easily avoid by simply being in front of the white line at the intersection before the light turns red and then completing their turn when oncoming traffic stops.

This will save drivers time and they won’t get any nasty surprises in the mail. Then, maybe with this new time saver, they can stop treating stop signs like glorified yield signs.

– Chris McNulty, big neck

I couldn’t agree more about Bad Drivers on Long Island. The stop sign has become a “Stoptional” sign, which means that if a driver stops at a stop sign and no other vehicle is approaching, why stop? If I and three other readers have witnessed these and other offenses on a daily basis, I’m sure the Nassau and Suffolk County Police Departments and other law enforcement officers have. also witnessed. Enough is enough.

—Andrew Dooley, New Hyde Park

I am 71 years old. When I received my driver’s license at the age of 17, the standards were apparently much higher. Soon after, the standards for obtaining a license seemed to drop significantly. Other standards in our country have also dropped significantly. Take “education”, for example. Solutions exist, but they will require work and sacrifice.

Today, our elected officials drop our tax money and then say, “Vote for me.” Our nation’s motto has become “spend, borrow, tax”. Our veterans did not sacrifice their lives, their families or their careers for what we have today. It’s a tragedy.

— Richard Reiser, big neck

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Keep the tax system fair and transparent https://imjustsayin.net/keep-the-tax-system-fair-and-transparent/ Thu, 08 Sep 2022 21:01:46 +0000 https://imjustsayin.net/keep-the-tax-system-fair-and-transparent/ Editorials Keep the tax system fair and transparent Friday, September 09, 2022 A good tax system must meet at least these five basic conditions: fairness, adequacy, simplicity, transparency and administrative ease. The revelation that the Ministry of Energy is collecting higher diesel taxes canceled by Parliament is another example of how Kenya’s tax system continues […]]]>

Editorials

Keep the tax system fair and transparent


A good tax system must meet at least these five basic conditions: fairness, adequacy, simplicity, transparency and administrative ease.

The revelation that the Ministry of Energy is collecting higher diesel taxes canceled by Parliament is another example of how Kenya’s tax system continues to fail the transparency test.

After failing to convince Parliament to raise the Petroleum Development Tax (PDL) to Sh5.40 per liter of diesel from 40 cents, power players offered a backdoor deal to keep the tax which was abolished by Parliament in October last year. .

This exposed the Kenya Revenue Authority (KRA) to an 11 billion shillings refund claim from motorists after the tax authorities continued to levy higher diesel taxes, 11 months after a cancellation of a law increasing fees.

Insiders at KRA – the main collector of all government levies and taxes – said the agency continued to collect the levy at the higher rate after receiving advice from the Department of Energy, but is now finds itself with a legal nightmare since the department failed to follow through on its end to legalize the tax by publishing a new notice in the Official Gazette.

But in another show of contempt for the taxpayer, the ministry and the KRA have refused to legitimize the tax through a new process that requires them to facilitate public participation and have the tax published in the Gazette.

We are calling on the relevant agencies to act quickly and correct any discrepancies and if a person is found to have been sleeping at work, the necessary disciplinary action should be taken.

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NOW TAX – National Sales Tax System Proposes to Replace Income Tax System https://imjustsayin.net/now-tax-national-sales-tax-system-proposes-to-replace-income-tax-system/ Thu, 08 Sep 2022 14:59:00 +0000 https://imjustsayin.net/now-tax-national-sales-tax-system-proposes-to-replace-income-tax-system/ NOW TAX BUTTON – National Sales and Transaction Tax NOW TAX SYSTEM, a tax collection system designed to pay the federal budget without negative impact on the economy Pay as you go, buy a candy bar and coke, and you’ve paid your taxes! —Stephen Redden ATHEN, WEST VIRGINIA, USA, September 8, 2022 /EINPresswire.com/ — NOW […]]]>

NOW TAX BUTTON – National Sales and Transaction Tax

NOW TAX SYSTEM, a tax collection system designed to pay the federal budget without negative impact on the economy

Pay as you go, buy a candy bar and coke, and you’ve paid your taxes!

—Stephen Redden

ATHEN, WEST VIRGINIA, USA, September 8, 2022 /EINPresswire.com/ — NOW TAX USA announces a proposed new tax system in the United States – The NOW TAX – National Sales and Transaction Tax System replaces all other federal taxes. NOW TAX USA introduces an amendment bill/bill to replace and repeal the 16th Amendment.

Traditionally, income tax systems have been the main source of revenue to pay the federal budget. However, the income tax system still fails to pay our budget, which creates a continuous growth of the national debt.

To solve the US problem of collecting enough revenue, NOW TAX USA came up with an alternative tax collection system. The NOW TAX – National Sales and Transaction Tax is designed to collect enough tax to pay the federal budget and begin paying down the national debt with very little impact on the US economy.

Example: Like a toll road, think of the United States as a super-economic highway.
And like a toll road, everyone and every business has to pay a little something to use it.
On this highway, hundreds of millions of people and businesses travel there every day to generate billions of dollars in sales, financial transactions and good old-fashioned paychecks.

It is a pay-as-you-go tax system that can be as low as 1% or all sales and transactions. The logic is based on a consumption sales tax, but extended to all sales and transactions, spreading the tax burden across all segments of the economy. “Everyone and every company will have some skin in the game.” – Founder Stephen Redden.

How the NOW Tax system works. Take the sum of the highest common tax denominator and divide it into the federal budget to get the lowest possible tax rate. The greatest common tax denominator was once considered citizens and businesses. However, with modern banking, it is easy to determine that the greatest common tax denominators are, by far, sales and transactions.

The NOW TAX system, due to its simplicity, can be scaled in less than a year. The federal banking system will be the source of automatic collection. Every sale and transaction is subject to the proposed rate of 1% (as a sales tax). Upon bank deposit, the 1% is deducted and automatically sent to the Treasury Department. (Internal transactions of families, organizations or businesses will not be subject to NOW TAX).

The other proposed autonomous tax systems are:
Flat Tax – Tax on all income at a pre-determined rate – estimated at 10% – but to pay our federal budget it would be more like 20-30% and that may not be high enough.
Consumption Tax – The currently proposed consumption sales tax would average 15%, but only consumers earning an income above the poverty line pay this tax, businesses and consumers below the poverty line do not pay no tax. Again, this system fails to pay the federal budget.

The advantages of the NOW TAX SYSTEM are:
• NOW TAX eliminates the need for payroll deduction and citizens keep 100% of their paycheque.
• NO FORM
• NO DEADLINE
• NO PENALTIES
• NO DEPOSIT
• NO OTHER TAXES

For detailed information, visit www.NowTaxUSA.com

Stephen Red
NOW TAX USA
+1 727-776-3316
sredden@nowtaxusa.com

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